MultiMC is a free, open source launcher for Minecraft. It allows you to have multiple, cleanly separated instances of Minecraft (each with their own mods, texture packs, saves, etc) and helps you manage them and their associated options with a simple and powerful interface.
Download and install MultiMC from here. Extract the downloaded file and move
MultiMC to your Applications folder.
Also you may need to install Java: Install/Verify Java (macOS)
Open MultiMC and configure it using the setup steps. Click the
Add Instance button on the MultiMC toolbar:
Enter a name for the instance and select a Minecraft version, then click
Now with the instance selected, click on the
Edit Instance button on the right:
Now click on
Select the Fabric Loader version and click
Check that the Intermediary Mappings for the Minecraft Version of the Instance and the Fabric Loader are listed. Click
Now run the instance you just created so MultiMC will download the appropriate Minecraft and library files and create the instance subfolders.
Check that Minecraft/Fabric starts and everything is fine:
Close the Minecraft instance for now.
The instance you just created contains the Fabric Mod Loader, you now have to install the Fabric API before being able to use most Fabric mods.
The Fabric API is the core library for the most common hooks and intercompatibility measures utilized by mods using the Fabric toolchain.
If that sounds too complicated just consider the Fabric API as just another mod that will be loaded by the Fabric Loader, and almost all Fabric mods depend on it, so this will be the first mod to install.
Go to https://www.curseforge.com/minecraft/mc-mods/fabric-api/files/all and download the latest file for the version of Minecraft you used in the MultiMC instance you just created.
Be aware that Curse usually is not up to date to the latest Minecraft versions, so the version indicated in the “Game Version” column may not be the real actual version of the file! Check the file name for the real Minecraft version the file is intended for.
For example, if your instance is for Minecraft 1.14.2, the correct Fabric Api file would be “[1.14.2] Fabric API 0.3.0 build 175” (there may be a newer version of the 1.14.2 Fabric Api after this tutorial was written).
Download the jar file to your downloads folder.
Open MultiMC (if it isn't open already), select your instance and click the
Edit Instance button. On the left, you should see
Loader Mods. Click on it.
Add button (top right), and select the jar you downloaded.
Run the Minecraft instance to make sure everything is working as expected.
To be able to see the list of mods installed and change mod settings, you may want to install the mod Mod Menu (Fabric). Mod Menu adds a button to the Minecraft main screen:
Clicking the button opens a list of installed fabric mods. Mod settings can be changed by clicking the gear button located on the top right:
To install Mod Menu, go to https://www.curseforge.com/minecraft/mc-mods/modmenu and click on “files” and download the correct version for the Minecraft MultiMC instance you just created.
Now check out Fabric mods here. Download the mods and follow the same procedure as for Fabric API. Again, check for MC versions in the actual file names, do not rely solely on the “Game Version” column. Usually, older version mods will work fine in newer versions of MC/Fabric, for example, 1.14 and 1.14.1 mods may work fine in 1.14.2 MC/Fabric, so feel free to test them out.
Also, be aware that some mods depend on other mods to work. When downloading a mod file, click on the file name, go to the bottom of the page and check out if there is a “Related Projects” entry with dependencies listed. You will have to download the mods listed as required dependencies and may also download the mods listed as optional dependencies.